The PHP-Enterprise argument was well dodged. Among the languages, you're looking for distinctions that don't exist. Both have a vibrant community, tons of packages, and i have built both small and large scale applications with them. Python. You said that you have experience in both Node.js and ASP. If you’re building a Single Page Application and are not a hardcore backend developer (or a lazy one) then you can also consider building and hosting on a. IaaS platform. found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). I personally wouldn't pick a language based on how up-to-the-minute modern it is at the moment. According to research, it is found that more than half of developers use javascript. Follow the practices that you would for any language; just understand the ecosystem you're diving into. Nowadays, it seems impossible to develop a program without the javascript language. JVM forms a part of JRE (Java Runtime Environment). C: C is one of the oldest and most widely used programming languages in the world, and holds #7 in Average Salary, and #9 in Job Postings. Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its readability. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena. Frameworks are things like Django, Rails, or Laravel. When something "scales," it means it's prepared to handle the daily realities of maintaining a business on the net. Contrary to the latter, PHP is commonly even available on free web hosting providers. When it comes to choosing the back-end programming languages, each developer has a different opinion and choice. Object-oriented– This means the code is structured and modeled as … Now, for most of these, the crucial first step is understanding what you'll be working on and what programming language is appropriate for the situation. Because comprehending a new language whilst simultaneously building a complex project usually amounts to overload and burnout. Or would that make it even less relevant due to how simple that would be to handle? Oh, and some sort of new exploit is found about every 6 weeks like clockwork. One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language when building a new project should include what you're familiar with. PHP has its roots in spaghetti code, which is probably where that notion comes from. Almost all active web users have come across some sort of implementation of PHP code, considering about 75% of websites use PHP. I'm guessing that, just like in desktop development, the problem you're dealing with will influence the language you'll use, but I'm starting to have doubts about it based on the amount of people saying it doesn't matter, but the webdev area of software development kind of has a reputation for not always using the right tool for the job, so I'm not sure how accurate those comments are. You won't find mom and pop shops leveraging Java or Golang for their latest projects, and conversely, you tend not to find PHP in the enterprise. Javascript is a very popular language, according to Stack Overflow. I can take any popular, modern, back-end web framework and make it work. There's a difference between language and framework here. Django dominates here on the framework side, but Flask is still hanging in there. It is a general-purpose programming language. It also doesn’t require developers to use low-level functions like memory management to get more advanced work done. Why do you think ASP. If anything, Gin is the winner if we’re talking about stars on github, with the others a fair distance behind, but this isn’t a full on ‘web framework’ like Django, it’s just to do with the request handling. Literally the opposite purpose of this post. The major intention of GO programming language development.is to make the easiest programming language to learn. There, picking the right programming language is pretty important, but also something that is well understood. Regardless of any pros and cons about performance, scalability or productivity of a language, each has realities about its history and the projects built behind them. The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. Over the past few years, the capabilities of backend development have changed a lot. So, I suppose I'll prefix everything with "in my experience.". Net because of strong types (Node.js can use Typescript, but I had problems with configuration), Entity framework and auto-generation of endpoints. Although Ruby on Rails doesn't scale as well as Django. if it is to remain small, i might go with flask. Popularity - If you pick an obscure language, how easily will you get developers to hire? Would that affect the decision? PHP runs on basically every webserver around the globe, with the exception of dedicated Python, Java, Node.js, or C# backends. The programming language war doesn't seem to end in 2020 either. It uses an engine called JVM (Java Virtual Machine) which provides a runtime environment to run the Java Code and its applications. No, it's not compiled, but even that is murky with projects claiming to compile the important bits. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. If I built a site for my grandmother's cat, it would be able to handle that load. The Best Way to Learn Backend Web Development. Ruby is almost entirely driven by Rails. I say to understand what languages to use or learn, understand what businesses want. Spring, its primary framework, is also quite popular in the enterprise. So, let's break it down, in my opinion, of course: Python is easily the most versatile at the moment. Backend development services refers to the server side of software and is invisible to users (backend developers add utility to everything the frontend designers create). level 1 The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. I'm not sure there's a clear winner on the framework side, yet. Net is worse? And the ones who do, usually write specific services in a compiled language, and still leverage the easier languages in everything else. Number 6 will SHOCK you! I don’t think you really need to be too concerned about which language scales better. I mostly use django as python fits anywhere and nodejs because of its javascript nature. Google developed it in 2007 with almost similar syntax that you can find in C and C++. PHP starts the list on basis of its popularity and widespread use. What are people actually using it for? The "which language" debate is always going to be a hot-button topic in a forum dedicated to a spectrum as broad as webdev. If I'm making a desktop app that's Windows only, I'll go with C# and the Windows UI libraries/framework that basically come with it. Go is the fastest-growing language on Github, meant to replace languages like Java and C++. I'll not expand on what others have said because they've said it all already. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? C# language was developed by Microsoft. It's dominating in data science and AI/ML right now. Go is fairly a new system-level programming language that has a focused vocabulary and simple scoping rules. The reality is, though, most projects never reach that limit. Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data. One of the earliest languages for web development (released in 1995), it remains widely popular today. Maybe I should reevaluate my decision about which framework to go for? One of the reasons for so many programmers cherishing Python is its simplicity. if stability, inter-process messaging, and background tasks are important, i'd look at elixir/phoenix first or possibly consider a JVM framework. First is region. And then on top of that, you have CMSs like Wordpress or Magento or what have you. Net. We use Python a lot because everyone else here uses Python but could have just as easily gone with PHP. More so Django, actually. I'd appreciate any advice, thanks in advance. A fair assessment of several items. Java Java has had a good reputation as a multipurpose programming language. It’s all about communication protocol between your app with the web server. In this list of best backend framework we didn't want to stick to 1 single programming language. Or if it's an open-source project, will anyone be able to contribute, or did you decide to build your web API in Rust? If I need bleeding edge performance in a hardware-restricted environment, I'll go with C++. Java has certain key features as follows: 1. Often, a single large company in an area has cascading effects on the talent pool available to businesses, and the corresponding demand from businesses looking to tap into that pool. What if you were making a "traditional" website, were you just have a back-end that responds to GET and POST requests and responds with HTML. I hear stories here and there of Express running entire back-ends, but it's mostly used for miscellaneous processing these days. Java is primarily used for desktop applications, back-end web frameworks, and Android applications. If top means best for your skill set then it is better to use a framework that uses the language and conventions you are familiar with. Long story short, we use the "Seemed good at the time" approach to most of our language decisions and take into account deadlines and team skill levels. C and Java are the oldest programming languages. It blends the best aspects of functional programming and object-oriented styles. Third-party libraries - Is there heaps of libraries that are already done and mature? Django, ASP .NET Core, Ruby (on Rails), PHP, Node.js, Java, Go, etc. A lot of your other concerns are premature details, stale biases, and quasi-misinformation propagated by the various echo chambers in web development. The biggest issue is that the user could be thousands of miles away from the software, and no language can overcome that. There are developers, designers, marketers, copy writers and stakeholders on the other side which have greater demands on the platforms than public users. all pop up constantly. Does it ultimately matter (as long as you're using a mainstream language)? Javascript is the least appealing language to use on the backend: sloppy types, lackluster standard library, and a "package manager" that doubles as a code snippet landfill. So, I have experience as a desktop applications programmer. Short answer: no, it doesn't matter. If I'm writing a simple automation script that doesn't necessarily need the best performance, I can go with Python. A modern jvm is incredibly sophisticated, fast out of the box, endlessly tuneable when you start bumping up against the edges, and incredibly observable (almost everything can be exposed as metrics, and most frameworks provide a ton more). Django, Rails, and even Laravel are all solid choices. Python’s syntax resembles that of the English language which makes it straightforward and concise. It also discussed how the front end can be a place filled with landmines – step in the wrong place and you'll be overwhelmed by the many frameworks of the JavaScript ecosystem. Now major programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, Node.js etc support it. the best tech stack in the world is useless if no one uses it, also, many apps use multiple languages on the backend, so it's valuable to learn a couple and see what problems they solve. What little information I've gathered so far is the following: Stuff like Django and Ruby on Rails come with a bunch of pre-built functionality that can make development time faster. Interpreted languages like Python aren't necessarily slower than statically typed ones as long as you aren't dealing with incredibly high levels of activity (found some benchmarks stating that Django could comfortably handle 100,000 users a day with light-medium activity). There doesn't seem to be a facet of web development Python isn't a substantial part of. Everything has a range of elasticity. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games. It has grown massively, and it is now being used on a multitude of se… It's not typed vs interpreted. There is no argument for JS outside the browser that doesn't somehow trace back to jumbled priorities. 4. Or better yet, understand what type of business will choose which languages, and choose which businesses to align your self with. JavaJava is the most popularly used mobile app development language since its inception. Most people with a traditional programming background love C#, and the MS development tools are top notch. For the majority of applications, it doesn't matter much what language you pick. It’s a language to do statistics. You'll probably lean towards something familiar and that people have experience in, rather than that fancy GoLang over there, or whatever. It is one of the best YouTube channels to learn web development, as it has detailed videos on every other framework and has thousands of daily visitors. Hi. The backend environment is within the web application server service itself. Developers love working on new-age programming languages to stay ahead of the dynamically changing industry. If you don't have extreme requirements any language will do. Otherwise, pick a scripting language. FWIW I worked at a company that had a product with 4 million monthly active users built in Ruby on Rails. or even better- just make the same app in every language. But now it needs to change ... Reddit and others to monitor user app crashes … But my suggestion, if you need speed, choose native compiled language. These aren't very useful. Language is something like Python, Ruby or PHP. Front-End Development is the client-side of things. .Net core is substantially better than .Net of past, but it's having trouble breaking out of its Steve Ballmer inflicted mold. Our biggest scalability concern was the data layer. Programming language Python is a big hit for machine learning. Basically, it is all the beautiful elements you see on a webpage’s interface. Community support - is there a lot of talk and easy access to help? The back end comprises three parts: the server, your database, any APIs, and a back-end web application, software drafted via server-side languages. Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented and concurrent programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. No SPA or Ajax calls or web sockets or anything. Java is one of the most well known programming languages. Regarding Go, I think there’s no clear winner simply because the Standard Library provides some really good web components. Personally I've chosen the languages I use based on their package managers more than anything else. JavaScript is turning into TypeScript, and Node has certainly found a customer base. Do the projects suit the career path you want to follow? Demand varies city by city. Once you throw it its history in automation and Django, I'm don't think there's another language which covers the spectrum of development as well. Ruby’s code is simple and expansive, which makes it easy to use even for complex development projects. Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. Javascript is an interpreted and light-weighted programming language. But, what language you choose does matter; it will affect the outcome of your project and your career, especially if you plan to scale. Edureka There's a tolerance for subpar performance because people are accustomed to latency in requests. Personally, these days I think the runtime is more important. PHP is popular in marketing agencies and "web shops." After that, in this or any sub, you risk getting shot as the messenger when it comes assessing where each language stands in the market. To learn more about the differences between backend and frontend, check out our complete Backend vs Frontend Web Development guide. Let us look at the top five programming languages for mobile app development. I don't want recomendations on what to use for a specific project. If you’re just getting started with coding, it’s hard to know which programming language to learn first.You can choose between several popular tools and find great learning resources online. ProgrammingKnowledge offers tons of video tutorials on top backend/frontend programming languages including Python, Swift, PHP, Ruby, and many others. I need to choose backend framework for my final university project. Some of its a gamble. But there's one important thing you're missing here. it's mostly a bunch of gobblegook that doesn't really mean anything and isn't very helpful, Those microservices tend to be serverless, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. I too have worked with ASP. It translates Java byte code into a language that can be interpreted by the machines. if looking to hire people, you also need to look at market share of languages. Also the same goes for the Java Frameworks. Now let’s have a look at the programming languages that you must learn for Front-End web development — Users don't just come from the public side. Things are moving towards flexibility, best code practices, and excellent compatibility with the frontend part of software. Are they up-to-date? ", "Why you should use X back-end language for everything!". Rails does have a solid following of companies who jumped on board in its glory days, but its popularity for green field projects seems to have all but vanished. C# Developers love the language … In near future, there is little chance for some other language to replace Java, not at least in 2019. I know only Node.js and ASP. Mehul Mohan. Go (Golang) is a compiled language which is gaining traction as a balance of compiled goodness and rapid development, but it's still decidedly niche in the grand scheme of things. Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that does not require specific libraries and … Even for public users, there are numerous design choices in the platform implementation which affect the outcome of how it runs. Second, "scaling" is more than users per second. It is a free, open-source programming language with extensive support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI … Which backend language is the go to right now and future proof. I don't know what to choose. For the beginners who are just getting into the backend development, I would recommend you to pick any of the scripting languages because they have a … they can mostly all accomplish the same things, but certain features or domains play better with some languages than others. I've also seen some posts claiming that in 2018 (when it was posted), the back-end language you use hardly matters unless you expect disgustingly high levels of traffic and activity throughout your website and to just use whatever you're comfortable with (as long as it also allows you to do your job quickly). Modern platforms have changed that. But on top of that, we also have bits and pieces written C++ and Java. for example: If I wanted a site to present the results of data analysis, i'd probably choose python (not to say i'd use python only for this case, it's just an obvious advantage given its place in the data science field). It is one of the best programming language to learn that has large number of open source libraries ; Cons. Moreover, Javascript plays a significant role in front-end development. Language simplicity means faster backend development. Consequently, this is where the user primarily interacts for navigation and browsing. After that, there's the ecosystems the languages tend to arrive with. They seem to mostly be fanboys telling you why X is so good/bad, instead of giving actual examples of when something is the appropriate tool for the job. R works for adhoc analysis and exploring datasets, for statistics-heavy projects, and one-time dives into a dataset. PHP is a general-purpose scripting language used for the development of web applications. In fact, we also have a good deal of PHP apps because they're hosted on LAMP stacks and it was easier to find CMSs written in PHP to work in the environment. Do you think that will remain the case? In terms of … I want to know what type of project would encourage people to use a specific language or framework. You have to tell us the specific application you'd like to create so that the community will advise you on the specific technology to use. Be careful with PHP and try following the practices from PHPTheRightWay if you do use it to avoid problems. but if all i need is a simple async model, node might be simpler, those are just two scenarios, but the point is to look at your critical feature set, and research what supports those features the best. Similar to asking "which platform" in r/games, you'll mostly get "just use what you like" as the default response, sprinkled with dedicated fans in each arena.. And, they're right, mostly, both here and in r/games.One of the heaviest factors in choosing a language … IMO, on of the most popular (albeit little liked) backend languages is PHP and it isn't going anywhere in the very near future. The language is less important - where I work we have a lot of java, a fair bit of kotlin, and a smattering of clojure and groovy. It is used for backend programming, building Window mobile phone apps, etc. My personal opinion when i look for backend frameworks are mostly availability of libraries to get things done, good community and ease of integration and deployment. At work, we mainly use Flask (which is Python) to handle our API endpoints most of the time. Whether I used django or flask would depend on my plans for the site. Javascript can be used in the bac… Not everything survives. 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