This is a quick fix to adjust our selector that defines the arrow. You can select it using: ".menu > ul", we'll talk more about it later. This is episode #20 in a series examining modern CSS solutions to problems I've been solving over the last 13+ years of being a frontend developer. Then we apply some box model properties, including border, border-radius, and padding. When there isn't enough room, the menu items can be scrolled or flicked. This navigation menu consists of a logo, a toggle button (that will show on mobile) and dropdown links. Pure CSS Dropdown On Click. The name is scoped to the element its created for, and we'll keep it easy by calling it "select": Which gives us an overlap of the arrow above the native select due to stacking context via source order: We can now use grid properties to finalize the alignment of each element: Oh yeah - remember how we removed the outline? There are many ways to design . This is an infrequently used property and you'll note that it is not quite where we'd like it for support, but what it's primarily providing for us in this instance is the removal of the native browser dropdown arrow. For our dropdown arrow, we are going to use one of the most exciting modern CSS properties: clip-path. This was an idea that seems to work. While I would advocate for simply not showing disabled controls, we should prepare the styles for that state just to cover our bases. This results in the following appearances: You can test it for yourself, but here's a preview of the full solution across (from left) the Firefox, Chrome, and Safari: When it comes to CSS, sometimes a `border` is not really a `border`. And as the selected option has not changed yet, no update occurs in the selected value. It contains the CSS property to set the dropdown background color, text-color, font-size, cursor pointer etc. We need: 1 - Visible HTML label elements, which is the dropdown-trigger.. 2 - Invisible HTML input checkbox elements, referenced by the label elements via for attribute.. 3 - dropdown-menu, which is to be toggled and invisible in the beginning. The last part is to remove the default outline. For example, when we select a country in form, then many countries appears those are options. select-css is a CSS library that makes the styles of the native dropdown select consistent across browsers. div.selected is similar to a select i.e. A few quick demos with […] I am sure that you know what is a dropdown menu, A drop–down menu is a list of links or items that appear whenever the button is clicked or hovered on. Float and Clear. The entire set of modules clocks in at 3.7KB* minified and gzipped. This selection change will hide the previously selected value and show the new one thus appearing as a select tag. This just m… The dropdown menu is a fully customizable with additional CSS. You can select 'em using: ".menu > ul li ul", this will select all the ul's inside list items which, by the way, will be placed inside the first ul … To create the arrow, we will define it as an ::after pseudo-element. The good news is, we can add one more rule to gain removal of the arrow for lower IE versions if you need it: This tip found in the excellent article from Filament Group that shows an alternate method to create select styles. How to use it: Import the stylesheet select-css into the document. This has been tested on Google Chrome (Mac, Android), Mozilla Firefox (Mac), Opera (Mac) and Safari (Mac). If you have any questions, feel free to get in touch with me via email or social media. div.select is a wrapper for all the child elements. Add the CSS class .select-css to the regular select element. Through testing this, I learned that Chrome and Firefox will show a partial option, but Safari will completely hide an option that is not able to be fully in view. Subsequent content is flowed to the side of the floating elements. Example 1: This example contains the dropdown CSS property to display the appearance of dropdown box. The above HTML elements are all siblings of input.toggle and we style them as follows: By default, at least one input.radio in div.selected needs to have the checked attribute. a blur is triggered. From the HTML perspective, this simply means add the multiple attribute, but we'll also add a class to help create style adjustments called select--multiple: And looking at it, we can see it's inherited most of our styles favorably, except we don't need the arrow in this view. But then it dawned on … We will apply the technique of Pure CSS Toggle HTML Element here. You can easily integrate it as it doesn’t require any external library. And hover, as you know, is irrelevant in touch-based scenarios, so that seemed like a dead end. After the native select element, as the last child within .select, add: Why after? You can see there is now zero visual indication that this is a select prior to clicking on it: First, let's set up some CSS variables. We'll focus on a single is defined. When I first began learning HTML and CSS, creating a dropdown was a magical thing. Note the use of the em unit which will keep these properties proportional to the set font-size. Let's take the mystery out of sizing type. No styles for the examples have been defined in the CSS. The below solution will work for all browsers and only take seconds to implement and only needs some CSS! Don't worry - we'll add a replacement later on for the :focus state! I didn’t knowhow to implement one myself, and the random stylesheets I found on the Internet weretoo long and complicated to understand. The min-width and max-width values are mostly for this demo, and you may choose to drop or alter it for your use case. Dropdown menus are not supported. But more on that at the end of the article. Solution: Pure CSS Dropdown Menu With Submenu,Simple HTML CSS Menu with Multi Submenu. CSS also allows us to select sibling elements using the various sibling selectors available. To emphasis the disabled state, we want to apply a greyed background. We use :not() to exclude our newly defined class: We have a couple of minor adjustments to make for the multiple select, the first is removing padding that was previously added to make room for the arrow: By default, options with a long value will overflow visible area and be clipped, but I found that the main browsers allow the wrapping to be overridden if you desire: Optionally, we can set a height on the select to bring a bit more reliable cross-browser behavior. Is WordPress a Responsible Choice in 2020? Raise issues on GitHub so that I can fix them. In the head section I’ll add a link to my own stylesheet named styles.css, along with a CDN-hosted link to Normalize.css. We can target only the nested ul's (nested scope). In today’s tutorial I’ll take you over the steps of creating a pure css dropdown menu. See the Pen Custom Select Box Dropdown Styling by FrankieDoodie (@FrankieDoodie) on CodePen. ⓘ I have included a zip file with all the source code at the start of this tutorial, so you don’t have to copy-paste everything… Note: The CodePen is set up to use autoprefixer which will add required pre-fixed versions of the appearance property. Creating your own image and sticking it in the selected value and pure css select dropdown the New thus... The appearance property pure-menu-allow-hover '' that the::after pseudo-element about HTML on... Sure that you know about HTML options on the select tag Firefox, and you use! Appear by essentially extending it a display value akin to `` block '' appearance property method achieves. Input.Toggle has focus, rotate it back to 0° otherwise: custom HTML CSS javascript! 'Ll define our area, then define that the: selected state of the production build do worry. Your use case occurs in the selected option has not changed yet, no occurs... 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