[115] The continual illegal entry of people into Assam, mostly from Bangladesh, has caused economic upheaval and social and political unrest. The rhythmic movements of the dances in the festival were inspired by animals, agricultural techniques and showed their relationship with ecology. Ambari site in Guwahati has revealed Shunga-Kushana era artefacts including flight of stairs and a water tank which may date from 1st century BCE and may be 2,000 years old. The war ended under the Treaty of Yandabo[43] in 1826, with the Company taking control of Western Assam and installing Purandar Singha as king of Upper Assam in 1833. assamica. Assam (/æsˈsæm, əˈsæm/,[10][11] Assamese: [ˈɔxɔm] (listen)) is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Durga Puja, a festival introduced and popularised by Bengalis, is widely celebrated across the state. The 33 administrative districts of Assam are delineated based on geographic features such as rivers, hills, and forests. Assamese is the official and most commonly spoken language of the state, followed by Bengali, which is official in the Barak Valley and Bodo which is official in Bodoland Territorial Region. The region is prone to natural disasters like annual floods and frequent mild earthquakes. [74], As per the 2011 census, the total population of Assam was 31,169,272. Assam's economy is based on agriculture and oil. [citation needed], Assam's proximity to some neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, benefits its trade. Category: Legal & Constitution Current Affairs. (1997)The check list of the mammals of Assam. Miles Bronson and local pundits such as Hemchandra Barua with the form available in the Sibsagar (Sivasagar) District (the ex-nerve centre of the Ahom Kingdom). Despite numerous invasions, mostly by the Muslim rulers, no western power ruled Assam until the arrival of the British. “Assam’s law is a not against ‘love jihad’. We have started drafting legislation.” Our idea is not the so-called 'Love Jihad'. [citation needed]. BJP, however claimed that only eight lakh Hindu Bangladeshis will get citizenship. Later, in 1682, Koch Hajo was entirely annexed by the Ahoms. Though the precise etymology of Assam is not clear, the name Assam is associated with the Ahom people, originally called Shyam (Shan). The Assam Repealing Bill, 2020 was introduced by education minister Himanta Biswa Sarma which proposes to make redundant the Assam Madrassas Education ... We cannot be partial to one religion. Thereafter tea plantations proliferated in Eastern Assam,[28] where the soil and the climate were most suitable. ), traditional silk garments (e.g. The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) wide strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India. “No Hindus will be allowed to visit churches. This move has come to light in the backdrop of several BJP-ruled states announcing laws to … The Dimasa, another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, (13th century-1854 CE) ruled from Dikhow River to central and southern Assam and had their capital at Dimapur. Christmas is observed with great merriment by Christians of various denominations, including Catholics and Protestants, throughout Assam. My whole submission is that you should not enter into a married life if there is no transparency between the husband and wife. Increasing efforts of standardisation in the 20th century alienated the localised forms present in different areas and with the less-assimilated ethno-cultural groups (many source-cultures). Most of the schools follow the state's examination board which is called the Secondary Education Board of Assam. Islam is also fastest growing religion in Assam according to 2011 census report. The tradition of modern moving theatres is typical of Assam with immense popularity of many Mobile theatre groups such as Kohinoor, Sankardev, Abahan, Bhagyadevi, Hengul, Brindabon, Itihas etc. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. In recent times, ethnically based militant groups have grown. Lachit Divas' is celebrated to promote the ideals of Lachit Borphukan – the legendary general of Assam's history. So, at the beginning of December 2020, the person in charge of a radical religious group in Assam threatened the Hindus who would dare this year to pass through the doors of churches during the time of the Nativity. “We will not beat them but will definitely stop them. Article first published on December 24, 2019. Assam TET Admit Card 2020 released @ ssa.assam.gov.in. The situation is called a risk to Assam's as well as India's security. The Dimasa people celebrate their festival by playing musical instruments- khram (a type of drum), muri (a kind of huge long flute). Flood waters wash away property including houses and livestock. Bihu is the most important and common and celebrated all over Assam. Male 77.85%, Female 66.27%, 2001: Literacy rate in Assam was 63.25% as per 2001 population census. [156] Despite its rich natural resources, and supplying of up to 25% of India's petroleum needs, Assam's growth rate has not kept pace with that of India; the difference has increased rapidly since the 1970s. (AA) An Indian state ruled by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist party has passed a law abolishing all Islamic schools, saying they provided substandard education. mekhela chador, traditional dress of Assamese women) and towards forefathers and elderly. The various Bengali dialects and closely related languages are spoken by around 9 million people in Assam, and the portion of the population that speaks these languages has grown slightly. ... With this, the state government has doubled the jail term in its proposed Freedom of Religion Bill 2020. The local governance system is organised under the jila-parishad (District Panchayat) for a district, panchayat for group of or individual rural areas and under the urban local bodies for the towns and cities. [citation needed]. It tried to force the government to identify and deport foreigners illegally migrating from neighbouring Bangladesh and to provide constitutional, legislative, administrative and cultural safeguards for the indigenous Assamese majority, which they felt was under threat due to the increase of migration from Bangladesh. The industry saw initial growth, when in 1861, investors were allowed to own land in Assam and it saw substantial progress with the invention of new technologies and machinery for preparing processed tea during the 1870s. The administrative districts are further subdivided into 54 "Subdivisions" or Mahakuma. According to the 2011 census, the population of Assam is roughly 31,205,576 out of which there were 10,679,345 Muslims in the Indian state of Assam, forming over 34.22% of its population. [158] In the Sixth Plan period, Assam experienced a negative growth rate of 3.78% when India's was positive at 6%. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Assam state. Symbolism is an ancient cultural practice in Assam and is still a very important part of the Assamese way of life. There are now 2489 village panchayats covering 26247 villages in Assam. [citation needed], Painting is an ancient tradition of Assam. [41][42] The Burmese reached the East India Company's borders, and the First Anglo-Burmese War ensued in 1824. There were many other symbolic elements and designs, but are now only found in literature, art, sculpture, architecture, etc. Panchayati Raj Institutions have been applied[clarification needed] in Assam, after agitation of the communities due to the sluggish rate of development and general apathy of successive state governments towards Indigenous Assamese communities. But the recently passed The Assam Repealing Bill, 2020 has something different to convey. On 15 August 2015, five new districts were formed:[97][98], On 27 June 2016, an island in the Brahmaputra River was removed from the Jorhat district and declared the Majuli district, India's first district that is a river island.[99]. [69] The recently established Kaziranga National Orchid and Biodiversity Park boasts more than 500 of the estimated 1,314 orchid species found in India. Immigrants compete with local workers for jobs at lower wages, particularly in construction, domestics, Rickshaw-pullers, and vegetable sellers. Statute of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati. [160], Unemployment is one of the major problems in Assam. Irrespective of religion, Indian culture, civilisation and nationalism will be taught in these converted educational institutions, making Assam the first Indian state to teach on these themes," Sarma told the media. New Delhi: Assam Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma joins the league of ministers speaking against alleged ‘love-jihad’. Despite the commercial success, tea labourers continued to be exploited, working and living under poor conditions. Part of Tuensang was added to Nagaland. Some of these are: Other few yearly celebrations are Doul Utsav of Barpeta, Brahmaputra Beach Festival, Guwahati, Kaziranga Elephant Festival, Kaziranga and Dehing Patkai Festival, Lekhapani, Karbi Youth Festival of Diphu and International Jatinga Festival, Jatinga can not be forgotten. ", "Assam: Majuli becomes 1st river island district of India", "Area of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam, 2002", "Silchar Municipal Board (Silchar Municipality) Assam – Silchar Karimganj Hailakandi", "Jorhat Municipal Board(JBM), Jorhat, Assam", "A Study of Migration from Bangladesh to Assam, India and its Aspects", "Illegal immigration from Bangladesh a national problem", "Soon blueprint to deport illegal Bangladeshis in Assam", "Martyrs of Assam Agitation | Implementation of Assam Accord | Government of Assam, India", "Assam: Prafulla Mahanta not to campaign for AGP to protest alliance with BJP", "1. It would be inclusive of all religions and would empower our sisters by bringing transparency…One will have to disclose not only religion, but earning source. [160] The manufacturing sector showed some improvement in the 1990s with a growth rate of 3.4% per annum than 2.4% in the 1980s. (1990). January 10, 2021. Assam Education and Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma introducing the bill in the assembly, said: “The objective to introduce the bill — the Assam Repealing bill 2020 […] Bridges, railway tracks, and roads are also damaged, harming transportation and communication, and in some years requiring food to be air-dropped to isolated towns.

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